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Metamaterials are artificial materials engineered to have properties that may not be found in nature. They are assemblies of multiple individual elements fashioned from conventional microscopic materials such as metals or plastics, but the materials are usually arranged in repeating patterns. Metamaterials gain their properties not from their composition, but from their exactingly-designed structures. Their precise shape, geometry, size, orientation and arrangement can affect the waves of light (electromagnetic radiation) or sound in an unconventional manner, creating material properties which are unachievable with conventional materials.
Engineered Materials and Metamaterials: Design and Fabrication by
Publication Date: 2017
The field of metamaterials arose from a deepened understanding of how electromagnetic waves interact with materials and subwavelength-scale scattering structures. The exploitation of these more-complex material–wave interactions has generated much global research activity. We can, in principle, engineer materials to greatly extend the selection of those currently available. This Tutorial Text presents the electromagnetic properties of both naturally occurring and manmade materials, focusing especially on structured or engineered metamaterials.
Dielectric Metamaterials by
Publication Date: 2019-11-13
Dielectric Metamaterials: Fundamentals, Designs, and Applications links fundamental Mie scattering theory with the latest dielectric metamaterial research, providing a valuable reference for new and experienced researchers in the field.
Hyperbolic Metamaterials by
Publication Date: 2018-03-23
Hyperbolic metamaterials were originally introduced to overcome the diffraction limit of optical imaging. Soon thereafter it was realized that hyperbolic metamaterials demonstrate a number of novel phenomena resulting from the broadband singular behavior of their density of photonic states. These novel phenomena and applications include super resolution imaging, new stealth technologies, enhanced quantum-electrodynamic effects, thermal hyperconductivity, superconductivity, and interesting gravitation theory analogs.
Fundamentals and Applications of Acoustic Metamaterials by
Publication Date: 2019-09-11
In the last few decades, metamaterials have revolutionized the ways in which waves are controlled, and applied in physics and practical situations. The extraordinary properties of metamaterials, such as their locally resonant structure with deep subwavelength band gaps and their ranges of frequency where propagation is impossible, have opened the way to a host of applications that were previously unavailable. Acoustic metamaterials have been able to replace traditional treatments in several sectors, due to their better performance in targeted and tunable frequency ranges with strongly reduced dimensions. This is a training book composed of nine chapters written by experts in the field, giving a broad overview of acoustic metamaterials and their uses. The book is divided into three parts, covering the state-of-the-art, the fundamentals and the real-life applications of acoustic metamaterials.
Semiconductor Nanolasers by
Call Number: QC689.55.S45 G8 2017
Publication Date: 2017-02-16
This unique resource explains the fundamental physics of semiconductor nanolasers, and provides detailed insights into their design, fabrication, characterization, and applications. Topics covered range from the theoretical treatment of the underlying physics of nanoscale phenomena, such as temperature dependent quantum effects and active medium selection, to practical design aspects, including the multi-physics cavity design that extends beyond pure electromagnetic consideration, thermal management and performance optimization, and nanoscale device fabrication and characterization techniques.
Principles of Composite Material Mechanics, Fourth Edition by
Call Number: TA418.9.C6 G53 2016
Publication Date: 2016-02-05
Principles of Composite Material Mechanics covers a unique blend of classical and contemporary mechanics of composites technologies. It presents analytical approaches ranging from the elementary mechanics of materials to more advanced elasticity and finite element numerical methods, discusses novel materials such as nanocomposites and hybrid multiscale composites, and examines the hygrothermal, viscoelastic, and dynamic behavior of composites.
Graphene and Carbon Nanotubes by
Call Number: TA418.9.N35 M35 2013
Publication Date: 2013-05-28
A first on ultrafast phenomena in carbon nanostructures like graphene, the most promising candidate for revolutionizing information technology and communication The book introduces the reader into the ultrafast nanoworld of graphene and carbon nanotubes, including their microscopic tracks and unique optical finger prints. The author reviews the recent progress in this field by combining theoretical and experimental achievements. He offers a clear theoretical foundation by presenting transparently derived equations. Recent experimental breakthroughs are reviewed.
Graphene for Defense and Security by
Call Number: TA455.G65 S65 2017
Publication Date: 2017-07-17
Graphene is giving new impetus to the electronics industry because its band structure allows its properties to be dramatically altered and modified by chemical or electrochemical doping methods. This book provides a comprehensive source of information about graphene as a phenomenon, its physics and its mechanical and chemical properties in the light of the latest scientific and technological discoveries.
Professional Organizations and Societies
SPIE: International Society for Optical Engineering
SPIE is an international society advancing an interdisciplinary approach to the science and application of light.
Optical Society of America
The mission of the Optical Society of America (OSA) is to promote the generation, application and archiving of knowledge in optics and photonics and to disseminate this knowledge worldwide. The purposes of the Society are scientific, technical and educational.
IEEE: Institute Electrical and Electronic Engineers
IEEE is the world's largest professional association dedicated to advancing technological innovation and excellence for the benefit of humanity.
Through our network of 30,000 members worldwide, ASM International provides authoritative information and knowledge on materials and processes, from the structural to the nanoscale. ASM provides its members with high-quality technical information, education and training, networking, and cost-effective, user-friendly professional development resources.
American Society for Composites
The Society’s mission is to provide a communication forum for the engineering and scientific community in composite materials. To expedite the growth of knowledge gained from inter-disciplinary engineering and scientific research in composite materials. To promote the exploitation of the unique properties of composite materials in emerging applications.
Metamaterials and Composites Research at Universities
- University of Washington Laboratory of Engineered Materials and Structures: Our research in the Laboratory of Engineered Materials and Structures (LEMS) is directed towards designing and developing advanced engineered structures through the creation of novel materials systems, e.g., mechanical metamaterials, phononic crystals, and composites. These materials offer an enhanced degree of freedom in controlling their mechanical responses under harsh environments, such as impact and vibrations. Based on the understanding of their mechanics, we aim to enhance safety, performance, and sustainability of next-generation aerospace, mechanical, and biomechanical structures.
- Center for Metamaterials: NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center: One of several NSF I/UCRCs, the Center has three core facitities: Clarkson: The Center for Advanced Materials Processing; UNCC: The Center for Optoelectronics and Optical Communications; UNCC: Advanced Microelectronic Materials Laboratory; UNCC: The Microelectronics Fabrication Laboratory; CUNY: The Metamaterials Research and Development Laboratory; CUNY: The Center for Advanced Technology (CAT) in Photonics Applications; CUNY: The Institute for Ultrafast Lasers and Spectroscopy. The major research thrusts of the Center include: microwave and THz technologies, optical components, sensors, and sustainable energy technologies.
- University of Maryland Department of Materials Science and Engineering: Metamaterials: Metamaterials are composite systems whose properties are dominated not by the individual atoms, but by the properties of larger, artificially produced structures or "meta-atoms." The most famous types of metamaterials are those in which the interaction with light is markedly different than in conventional materials: in some cases the index of refraction which determines the speed of light can even be negative-light bends in the opposite sense from common experience in these materials! Possible applications are invisibility cloaks, and aberration free lenses.
- Duke University Center for Metamaterials and Integrated Plasmonics: Metamaterials are artificially structured materials used to control and manipulate light, sound, and many other physical phenomena. The properties of metamaterials are derived both from the inherent properties of their constituent materials, as well as from the geometrical arrangement of those materials. Though there are many structures that qualify as metamaterials, the most common is that of an arrangement of elements whose size and spacing is much smaller relative to the scale of spatial variation of the exciting field. In this limit, the responses of the individual elements, as well as their interactions, can often be incorporated (or homogenized) into continuous, effective material parameters; the collection of discrete elements is thus replaced conceptually by a hypothetical continuous material.
- University of Nottingham Composites Research Group: The Composites Research group at Nottingham is one of the leading international research groups in this area. The group has worked for over 25 years on Composites Science and Manufacturing projects, focusing on the processing and performance of advanced fibre composites.